Broiler responses to dietary 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid and oregano extracts under Eimeria challenge conditions
Received: Oct 13, 2021; Revised: Oct 21, 2021; Accepted: Oct 22, 2021
Published Online: Oct 25, 2021
A total of 336 one-day-old broilers were randomly assigned to one of six dietary treatments with seven replications per treatment. Dietary treatments were: i) Non-challenged bird without any dietary treatment (NCNT), ii) Challenged bird without any dietary treatment (CNT), iii) Challenged birds fed a THB diet (0.1 g/kg, THB), iv) Challenged birds fed a combination of THB and oregano extracts diet (0.1 g/kg, COM 100), and a gradual increase of combination of THB and oregano extracts likely v) 0.15 g/kg (COM 150), and 0.2 g/kg (COM 200). On day 14, all groups except for NCNT have orally challenged with a 10-fold dose of Livacox<sup>®</sup> T anticoccidial vaccine to trigger coccidiosis. The results indicated that <italic>Eimeria</italic>-challenged broilers fed COM 100 and COM 200 diets increased (<italic>P</italic> < 0.05) body weight (BW) than CNT diet on day 35. Furthermore, birds fed COM 100 and COM 200 diets increased (<italic>P</italic> < 0.05) average daily gain compared to those fed CNT diets for the entire experimental period. There is no significant (<italic>P</italic> > 0.05) in average daily feed intake, feed efficiency between NCNT and birds fed with combined THB and oregano extracts for the entire experimental period. A combination of THB and oregano extract regardless of concentration levels or THB alone reduced (<italic>P</italic> < 0.05) lesion score in ileum compared to the CNT diet for 7 days post-infection (dpi). Birds fed COM 100 diet had lower (<italic>P</italic> < 0.05) intestinal lesion scores in jejunum and caeca on 7 dpi compared to those were in the CNT diet. No (<italic>P</italic> > 0.05) difference was observed in the oocysts per gram of feces (OPG) count, intestinal morphology, carcass traits and blood cytokine concentration among the infected treatments. Collectively, we conclude that birds fed with a combination of THB and oregano extracts regardless of the ratios that were used demonstrated better recovery of health after the coccidial challenge than using only THB alone.