Comparison of growth performance and related gene expression of muscle and fat from LYD and Woori black pigs
The purpose of this study was to compare marbling score, meat quality, juiciness, sarcomere length, and skeletal muscle satellite cell (SMSC) growth and related gene expression between Woori Black pig (WB) and the Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc (LYD) crossbreed at different body weights (b.w.). WB was developed to improve meat quality and growth efficiency by crossbreeding Duroc with Korean native black pig. A total of 24 pigs were sacrificed when their b.w. reached about 50, 75, 100, and 120 kg. SMSC were isolated from the femoris muscles, and muscle and adipose tissues were sampled from the middle and the subcutaneous part of the femoris of hind legs, respectively. Expression levels of genes including MyoD, Pax3, MyHC, and Myogenin, which are responsible for the growth and development of SMSC, were higher in LYD than the WB. Muscle growth inhibitor myostatin (MSTN), however, was expressed more in WB compared to LYD (<italic>p</italic><0.01). Numbers of SMSC extracted from femoris muscle of LYD at 50, 75, 100, and 120 kg b.w. were 8.5±0.223, 8.6±0.245, 7.2±0.249, and 10.9±0.795, and those from WB were 6.2±0.32, 6.2±0.374, 5.3±0.423, and 17.1±0.315, respectively. Expression of adipogenic genes in adipose tissue including CEBP-β, PPAR-γ, and FASN, were greater in WB when compared with LYD (<italic>p</italic><0.01). Results from the current study suggest that different muscle cell numbers between 2 different breeds might be affected by related gene expression and this warrants further investigation on other growth factors regulating animal growth and development.