Author Guidelines

File formats

The following word processor file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:

1. General Requirements

1) Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced (in Microsoft Word) with lines and pages consecutively using Times New Roman font at 10 points.

2) Arabic numbers are used. Weights and measures should be in System International (SI) units and temperature in the Celsius (centigrade scale)

3) The “p” for statistical significance should be italicized and in lower case letters.

4) Provide the manufacturer’s name, city, and country in parentheses followed by drugs, chemicals, or instruments.

5) Tables and figures should be placed in separate sections at the end of the manuscript (not placed within the text).

6) Author must prepare photographs carefully so that clear image can be printed.

7) Author must have the manuscript reviewed by a native English speaker or language professional before submission, and attach a certificate to the submission system.

2. Form of Manuscript

The original article should contain an abstract, key words, main text, acknowledgements, and references.

1) Title page

(1) The title should be limited to 20 words and there should be no abbreviations.

(2) The running title should be limited to 10 words.

(3) Full names, institutional addresses and email addresses of all authors should be provided

(4) The description of the corresponding author should include name, institution, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.

2) Abstract

(1) The Abstract should not exceed 350 words.

(2) Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

(3) The abstract should contain important objectives, materials and methods, results, conclusion, and applications. Use complete sentences and standard terms. Use of abbreviations in the abstract should be avoided.

3) Keywords

Three to six keywords are listed.

4) Introduction

The introduction section should explain the rationale for performing the study, background, objectives, and hypothesis.

5) Materials and Methods

The methods section should:

• Use subheadings to separate different methodologies.

• Obtain approval from their Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), as appropriate, prior to manuscript submission.

• Describe established methods briefly, and simply cite a reference where readers can find more detail

• State all statistical tests and parameters

6) Results (with subheadings)

This should include the findings of the study including, if appropriate, results of statistical analysis which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures.

7) Discussion

(1) This section should discuss the implications of the findings in context of existing research and highlight limitations of the study.

(2) For study protocols and methodology manuscripts this section should include a discussion of any practical or operational issues involved in performing the study and any issues not covered in other sections. The Results and Discussion section may be combined.

8) Competing Interests

The Journal of Animal Science and Technology requires authors to declare all competing interests including financial or non-financial support related to their work. Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported”. The editor may ask for further information relating to competing interests.

9) Acknowledgments

(1) Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials.

(2) Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

10) Author’s Contributions

(1) What authors have done for the study should be described in this section. To qualify for authorship, all contributors must meet at least one of the seven core contributions by CRediT (conceptualization, methodology, software, validation, formal analysis, investigation, data curation), as well as at least one of the writing contributions (original draft preparation, review and editing). Authors may also satisfy the other remaining contributions; however, these alone will not qualify them for authorship.

(2) Contributions will be published with the final article, and they should accurately reflect contributions to the work. The submitting author is responsible for completing this information at submission, and it is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to their individual contributions ahead of this time.

11) Ethics approval and consent to participate

A written statement must be described in the original articles indicating whether or not Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval was obtained or equivalent guidelines followed in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 on human experimentation; if not, an explanation must be provided. In addition, a statement of IRB status (approved, waived, or other) must be included in the Methods section of your manuscript. Similarly, a written statement confirming approval by appropriate the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) must be included for research involving animals. Any manuscript submitted without appropriate IRB or IACUC approval will not be reviewed and will be returned to the authors.

12) References

Examples of the Vancouver reference style are shown below. If a DOI (digital object identifier) is available for an article, always include it.

Example reference style:

Article within a journal

Nejad JG, Ataallahi M, Park KH. Methodological validation of measuring Hanwoo hair cortisol concentration using bead beater and surgical scissors. J Anim Sci Technol. 2019;61:41-6.

Article within a journal (no page numbers)

Rohrmann S, Overvad K, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Jakobsen MU, Egeberg R, Tjønneland A, et al. Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. BMC Med. 2013;11:63.

Article within a journal by DOI (without a volume designation but with a DOI)

Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Dig J Mol Med. 2000.

Article within a journal supplement

Frumin AM, Nussbaum J, Esposito M. Functional asplenia: demonstration of splenic activity by bone marrow scan. Blood. 1979;59 Suppl 1:26-32.

Book chapter, or an article within a book

Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251-306.

Complete book, authored

Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.

Online document

Doe J. Title of subordinate document [Internet]. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999 [cited 2019 Aug 4]. of subordinate document

Conference paper

Kim HW. Challenges and future directions on journal “perspectives in nursing science” in Korea. Poster session presented at: Asia Pacific Association of Medical Journal Editors Convention 2013; 2013 Aug 2-4; Tokyo, Japan.

Proceeding paper

Brody AL. Meat packaging: past, present and future. In: Proceedings of the 55th Reciprocal Meat Conference; 2002; Michigan, MI.


Kim K. Quantum critical phenomena in superfluids and superconductors [Ph.D. dissertation]. Pasadena, CA: California Institute of Technology; 1991.

Scientific and technical report

Kim SN, Park JR, Bae HS, Kown KW, Joo DB, Lim ST, et al. A study on the meta evaluation of Korean university evaluation. Seoul: Korean Educational Development Institute; 2004. Report No.: CR 2004-45.

13) Tables

When preparing tables, please follow the formatting instructions below.

• Tables should be numbered and cited in the text in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, Table 2 etc.).

• Tables less than one A4 or Letter page in length can be placed in the appropriate location within the manuscript.

• Tables larger than one A4 or Letter page in length can be placed at the end of the document text file. Please cite and indicate where the table should appear at the relevant location in the text file so that the table can be added in the correct place during production.

• Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls) or comma separated values (.csv). Please use the standard file extensions.

• Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files, but should be formatted using ‘Table object’ function in your word processing program.

• Color and shading may not be used. Parts of the table can be highlighted using superscript, numbering, lettering, symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend.

• Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values.

14) Figures

When preparing figures, please follow the formatting instructions below.

• Figures should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the main manuscript file.

• Each figure of a manuscript should be submitted as a single file that fits on a single page in portrait format.

• Tables should NOT be submitted as figures but should be included in the main manuscript file.

• Multi-panel figures (those with parts a, b, c, d etc.) should be submitted as a single composite file that contains all parts of the figure.

• Figures should be numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text, and uploaded in this order.

• Figures should be uploaded in the correct orientation.

• Figure keys should be incorporated into the graphic, not into the legend of the figure.

• Each figure should be closely cropped to minimize the amount of white space surrounding the illustration. Cropping figures improves accuracy when placing the figure in combination with other elements when the accepted manuscript is prepared for publication on our site.

• Individual figure files should not exceed 10 MB. If a suitable format is chosen, this file size is adequate for extremely high quality figures.

15) Figure file types

We accept the following file formats for figures:

• PDF (suitable for diagrams and/or images)

• Microsoft Word (suitable for diagrams and/or images, figures must be a single page)

• PowerPoint (suitable for diagrams and/or images, figures must be a single page)

• TIFF (suitable for images)

• JPEG (suitable for photographic images, less suitable for graphical images)

16) Figure size and resolution

Figures on the web:

• width of 600 pixels (standard), 1200 pixels (high resolution).

Figures in the final PDF version:

• width of 85 mm for half page width figure

• width of 170 mm for full page width figure

• maximum height of 225 mm for figure and legend

• image resolution of approximately 300 dpi (dots per inch) at the final size

Figures should be designed such that all information, including text, is legible at these dimensions. All lines should be wider than 0.25 pt when constrained to standard figure widths. All fonts must be embedded.

17) Genome Announcements

Genome Announcements are brief papers which report COMPLETE genome sequence(s) of bacteria, archaea, viruses and eukaryotes in the areas of animal science. The paper should address the microbial origin and methodologies used in sequencing and assembly of obtained sequences. Genome Announcements are invited by the editors for members of “Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology”, not solicited, and are not subject to editorial review. Anyone, wishing to submit Genome Announcements, provide a potential title and subject of the review article to the editors to seek permission.

The contents are as follow:

  • Abstract: Abstract describing brief summary must be no more than 150 words in English.
  • The text including introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion except acknowledgement and references must be no more than 800 words in English version. The main text (introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion) should not be sectioned.
  • Microorganism(s) must be deposited in an internationally-acknowledged microbial culture collection center (e.g. KCTC, KACC etc.). The accession number(s) of nucleotide sequence(s) must be provided in a separate paragraph at the end of the text with a title “Nucleotide sequence accession number(s).” The sequence(s) must be publicly available before the submission. The sequence(s) should be available through a database (e.g. GenBank, EMBL etc.).
  • Acknowledgement(s)
  • References: The number of references must be no more than 10.
  • A single table should be included in the text, however, a single figure can be added, if necessary.
  • The publication does not preclude later publication regarding further study, e.g., full analysis of the data.
  • Authors needing exception should consult the editorial office.

3. Editorial Policy

1) Copyright

The corresponding author is responsible for signing a copyright transfer agreement on behalf of all authors. This agreement form is sent to the corresponding author when the manuscript is submitted.

2) Publication charges

The current charge for publication is 1,000,000 Korean Won (1,000 US dollars) per article including Genome Announcement for members of the Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST), and 1,500,000 Korean Won (1,500 US dollars) for non-members. Waiver policy is temporarily applied to articles submitted outside Korea based on corresponding authors.

3) Fast-track Publication (Accelerated Publication)

A fast-track process is available for authors who desire quick publication of their papers. Authors should contact the Editorial Office (e-mail: for fast-track submission. The review process will be conducted as rapidly as possible. Accepted manuscripts are published ahead of print with DOI. After ahead of print publication, the copy-editing and proofreading process proceeds in the same order as for normal publication. Manuscripts requiring major revisions will not be accepted, but can be considered for normal review. The acceptance of fast-track manuscripts will be decided solely based on scientific merits of manuscripts. For Fast-track publication, regardless of nationality, the corresponding author will be charged non-refundable additional 200,000 Korean Won (200 US dollars) per article.